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The Use of Amitriptyline in the Treatment of TMD

Sometimes, drugs outside of simple anti-inflammatories and analgesics need to be used in the treatment of temporomandibular joint disorder, or TMD. One of these such drugs is Amitriptyline.

 

What is Amitriptyline?

Amitriptyline is a tricyclic antidepressant, or TCA.

 

How Does  Amitriptyline Work in The Treatment of TMD?

Amitriptyline is an antidepressant. TMD is not a mental disorder; however, when there is a neurologic component to a patient’s disorder, several studies, over many years, have shown Amitriptyline to be effective in the reduction in TMD symptoms.

Although the exact mechanism of action of Amitriptyline is unknown, it is known that in TMD cases that are deemed to be largely neurologic in nature, this drug works well to alleviate symptoms.

 

How To Know if a Patient Needs Amitriptyline Therapy

Using Amitriptyline in the treatment of TMD, is one that should be done in conjunction with a trained medical professional. Your dentist, or dental specialist, will be able to tell you if Amitriptyline is indicated in your cases. Most often, these will be in cases where less invasive therapies, such as mouth guards and Ibuprofen, do not work.

 

References

“Just Advil”: Harm reduction and identity construction in the consumption of over-the-counter medication for chronic pain.

Eaves ER.

Soc Sci Med. 2015 Dec;146:147-54. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2015.10.033.

 

Chronic orofacial pain in dental patients: retrospective investigation over 12 years.

Tomoyasu Y, Higuchi H, Mori M, Takaya K, Honda Y, Yamane A, Yabuki A, Hayashi T, Ishii-Maruyama M, Jinzenji A, Maeda S, Kohjitani A, Shimada M, Miyawaki T.

Acta Med Okayama. 2014;68(5):269-75.

 

Successful use of stellate ganglion block and a new centrally acting analgesic with dual mode of action in a resistant temporomandibular joint pain.

Jones GP, Tripathi SS.

BMJ Case Rep. 2014 May 20;2014. pii: bcr2013203308. doi: 10.1136/bcr-2013-203308.

Justin Clemens

Justin Clemens

Dr. Justin Clemens is an alumnus of Purdue University Schools of Engineering and Indiana University School of Dentistry. He chose to pursue a dual degree program at the University of Kentucky and Chandler Medical Center. In 2007, he graduated with a certificate in periodontics. In 2009, he published groundbreaking bone research, leading to a master’s degree.

Dr. Clemens has since devoted the majority of his career to implant therapy. His career practicing was, unfortunately, cut short when he was involved in a tragic automobile accident in 2014. He now devotes his life to the education of dentists in implant therapy.
Justin Clemens

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